In this book, the authors explore the relationship between federal procurement and the FCA. The chapters describe the regulated nature of government contracting and the players in the policy and enforcement communities who regulate and police government contracts. They also describe the complex process for initiating, litigating, and resolving FCA actions, and how those processes interact with the complexities of performing and closing out government contracts. In addition, they describe the substantive requirements and evolving evidentiary challenges of litigating a FCA case in a government contracts context. Finally, they describe possible modifications to the FCA that have the potential to improve compliance and reduce costs, as well as additional areas of likely FCA enforcement outside of the traditional realms of government contracts and government-funded healthcare.